Northeast India (Karbi Anglong) Tiger Survey Project

Brahmaputra river runs east to west of North East India and the name is taken from the Hindu god of creation Brahman. The river is creates mosaics of rich grasslands, forests, and sloughs on the south coast side thanks to the rich flow and flood during the monsoon period. Due to the rich vegetation, there are ample numbers of swamp deer and hog deer, which are the prey for tigers. Kaziranga national park and its neighboring regions are said to be one of the highest tiger population densities in the world.

Young tigers (especially male tigers) which are reproduced in Kaziranga set off for new habitats. The national park's area is approx 400 sq km (approx 2/3 of Tokyo 23 wards) which is not wide enough to support many tigers in long-term. Though Northeast hills which is on the south side of Kaziranga, is covered with the vast forest and borders with east side Myanmar. The start point of North East hills which is facing Kaziranga national park are the Karbi Anglong Hills. There is no doubt it is important to conserve the Karbi Anglong hills so that the tigers which are reproduced in Kaziranga can continue to expand its habitat to North East hills. On the other hand, it is one of the areas where tiger habitat status investigation is most delayed. We aim to understand the situation well and create the first step to preserve tigers in this area.

We survey the habitat status of tigers and the other co-predators (leopards, etc) and the animals, which are of tigers' prey. On the field, we conduct camera trapping, investigation of animal tracks (footprints, dirt, etc), direct survey of the prey animals. The survey results will be used for the estimation of tiger population, planning conservation actions including expansion and new designation of Wildlife Sanctuaries.

Wildlife Trust of India