"Impact of Global Wildlife Crime on Biodiversity: Analysis at the Range States and Consumer nations"

13:30 - 16:30 on 23rd September 2010

Large Meeting Room of UNU-IAS

Organised or Supported by:
Sponsored by Japan Tiger and Elephant Fund (JTEF)
Supported by United Nations University Institute of Advanced Studies (UNU-IAS)

Three Abstracts of the Three Reports to be presented at the event:

1) Analysis of Illegal trade in endangered species in Japan and confronted problems
Japan is one of the countries appearing so frequently on the top three list of importing countries in endangered species with official permission under the regulation of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. On the other hand, what is the reality of illegal trade hidden behind the trade with official permission under CITES regulation? Japan Tiger and Elephant Fund created a database "JUSTICE" collecting available official documents, news articles and the outcome of court watch. This presentation will attempt to reveal the whole picture of illegal wildlife trade in Japan and the reality of the sanction against the offenders. It will even discuss the problem of legislative policy and law enforcement against wildlife crime in Japan.

2) Biodiversity Loss and Wildlife Crime: India as a case study
The global loss of biodiversity due to wildlife crime is of serious concern due to its magnitude especially as many of what is being lost is irreplaceable. India, like many other biodiverse countries, is a source nation for wildlife product and therefore bears the brunt of wildlife crime. Tigers, elephants and rhinos constitute the triumvirate of Indian megafauna that is in the crosshairs of poachers and international wildlife smugglers. While countless species fall prey to this trade, this presentation seeks to show through these examples the impact on biodiversity.

3) Attempts to monitor global wildlife crime: Benefits and Challenges of Wildlife Enforcement Monitoring System (WEMS)
The complexity in monitoring wildlife crime can be judged by the absence of a common framework in collecting, compiling and analysis of illegal wildlife trade data. Several attempts were made in the past to bring out a system to address this issue, however, there is no success story as yet on any efficient system that brings out a clear picture on illegal trade of wild flora and fauna at a global level.
In order to address this issue, United Nations University and Asian Conservation alliance proposed a model in 2005, Wildlife Enforcement Monitoring System (WEMS), where civil society was supposed to compile information on illegal seizures and bring this out to the open through an online spatial data infrastructure. However, this mechanism of information sharing was not acceptable to certain governments. WEMS was then considered to be used by governments themselves and connected either nationally or, internationally through regional bodies like ASEAN and Lusaka Agreement Task Force. This presentation will bring out the benefits of WEMS initiative and the challenges it faces while implementing globally.

Opening Remarks
Environmental Crime - A pressing global problem
Prof. Govindan Parayil, Vice Rector, United Nations University and Director UNU-IAS

Video Message
Challenges in combating global wildlife crime
Dr. William Clark, Kenya Wildlife Service Honorable Warden

Report 1: From the viewpoint of consuming country
Analysis of Illegal trade in endangered species in Japan and confronted problems
Masayuki Sakamoto, Executive Director of Japan Tiger and Elephant Fund and Environmental Lawyer

Coffee Break

Report 2: From the viewpoint of range country
Biodiversity Loss and Wildlife Crime: India as a case study
Mr. Vivek Menon, Executive Director of Wildlife Trust of India, Honorary Wildlife Warden of Delhi

Report 3
Attempts for monitoring global wildlife crime: Benefits and Challenges of Wildlife Enforcement Monitoring System (WEMS)
Mr. Remi Chandran, Researcher, Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation (ITC), University of Twente, Netherlands

Panel Discussion: The Social and biological impact of illegal wildlife trade, and the potential solution
Mr. Masayuki Sakamoto
Mr. Vivek Menon
Mr. Remi Chandran

Contact information:
5F Suehiro Bld.2-5-4 Toranomon Minato-ku Tokyo 105-0001 Japan



Advanced reservations required at the above contacts.
Registration Fee:1,500yen
* Includes the report: "Wildlife Crime in Japan from 2003-2008 - Reality, Problem and Solution.
* Coffee service is available.

English-Japanese Simultaneous Interpretation